Question:

Someone said a lay person can be elected Pope. Is this true? Also, what is the meaning of the word “Conclave” ?

Canon Law

Theoretically speaking, any baptized Catholic male who is up to the age of reason can be chosen as Pope. “Male” because a woman cannot become Pope since they cannot be ordained priests. If the person is a lay person, so he would be ordained deacon, priest then bishop. After this he will be installed as Pope.

Therefore the Canon Law says:

Can. 331 The bishop of the Roman Church, in whom continues the office given by the Lord uniquely to Peter, the first of the Apostles, and to be transmitted to his successors, is the head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ, and the pastor of the universal Church on earth. By virtue of his office he possesses supreme, full, immediate, and universal ordinary power in the Church, which he is always able to exercise freely.

Can. 332 §1. The Roman Pontiff obtains full and supreme power in the Church by his acceptance of legitimate election together with episcopal consecration. Therefore, a person elected to the supreme pontificate who is marked with episcopal character obtains this power from the moment of acceptance. If the person elected lacks episcopal character, however, he is to be ordained a bishop immediately.

But, in Practice

Even though the Code of Canon Law says any baptized Catholic male can be Pope, in practice things are a little different. It is unlikely that the Conclave will elect a non-cardinal to the Papal office. The last time a non-cardinal was elected Pope was in 1379, Pope Urban VI. What this means is that even though the Canon Law would allow a lay person to be Pope, the Conclave would almost never vote any non-cleric to the office of the Pope. I know i would not vote especially a non-theologian since this would be necessary to teach valid Catholic doctrine and theology.

Conclave:

(Latin cum, with, and clavis, key; a place that may be securely closed)

The closed room or hall specially set aside and prepared for the cardinals when electing a pope; also the assembly of the cardinals for the canonical execution of this purpose. In its present form the conclave dates from the end of the thirteenth century. Earlier methods of filling the See of Peter are treated in the article PAPAL ELECTIONS. From the Catholic Encyclopedia

Prayer for the Pope

V. Let us pray for Francis, the Pope.
R. May the Lord preserve him, give him a long life, make him blessed upon the earth, and may the Lord not hand him over to the power of his enemies.

V. May your hand be upon your holy servant.
R. And upon your son whom you have anointed.

Let us pray. O God, the Pastor and Ruler of all the faithful, look down, in your mercy, upon your servant, N., whom you have appointed to preside over your Church; and grant, we beseech you, that both by word and example, he may edify all those under his charge; so that, with the flock entrusted to him, he may arrive at length unto life everlasting. Through Christ our Lord. R. Amen.

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